India is currently the second-largest telecommunication market, with a population of 125 crore,102 crore has access to mobile phones,101 crore has Aadhar and 40 crore has access to internet and has the third highest number of internet users in the world. Significant investments in mobile infrastructure and sound spectrum policies can create significant economic growth. Through affordable devices, reasonable telecommunications fees and low mobile taxes, the growth of digital India and this sector is prospering and propelled the overall economy. As per the trends, the data services are essentially driven by fixed broadband connectivity and data-centric devices and, secondly, spending on data services by various mobile apps, particularly mobile video apps and OTT players new methods of collaboration and communications, engage people increasingly for chat to friends and family, watch videos on the move, and listen to streamed music, etc.
The number of telephone subscribers in India increased from 1,051.88 million at the end of Feb-16 to 1,058.86 million at the end of Mar-16, thereby showing a monthly growth rate of 0.66%. Whereas, the total wireless subscriber base increased from 1,026.66 million at the end of Feb-16 to 1,033.63 million at the end of Mar-16, thereby registering a monthly growth rate of 0.68%. The Wireless subscription in urban areas increased from 587.55 million at the end of Feb-16 to 588.79 million at the end of Mar-16, and wireless subscription in rural areas also increased from 439.11 million to 444.84 million during the same period.
The demand for data is always on the rise, the increase of bandwidth-intensive applications, long duration services, and signalling overheads are demanding a transition to 4G. The mobile operators are preparing their networks to support 4G broadband services which will improve the user experience and yield new revenue opportunities. However, most of the operator environment is also clouded by spectrum issues and launching of 4G brings the revolution in the telecom Industry. However, the current spectrum allocations in 2.3 GHz band is being debated as it has indoor penetration issues.
The merger of the wireless business of Reliance Communications Ltd. with Aircel Ltd., is a key milestone in the ongoing consolidation in the telecom sector. Post-merger will enable the new entity to give strong competition to its peers in the backdrop of the disruption that the launch of operations by Reliance Jio Infocomm has caused. The combined entity Reliance Communications-Aircel will now be the third largest telecom entity in India by subscriber base, thus moving ahead of Idea Cellular Ltd and entering of Reliance Jio launch set to jolt India’s telecom sector. In the price offering is concerned,there will be a price wars among telecom operators. Players including Bharti Airtel Ltd, Vodafone India Ltd, Idea Cellular Ltd and others will be under tremendous pressure to launch both monetary and service measures to retain customers and going forward, this move will benefit consumers who can expect the cost for data (not voice) to reduce in the range of 25-35%
This is a list of mobile operators of India as on 30 June 2016
Company’s turnover (2015-16): Rs.60,473 crore
Company’s turnover (2014-15): Rs.64,529 crore
Company’s turnover (2013-14): Rs.57,556 crore
Head of Organization: Sunil Bharti Mittal, Chairman
Address: 1 Nelson Mandela Road, Vasant Kunj, Phase-II, New Delhi-110070
Telephone/Fax: +91 11 4666 6100/ + 91 11 4666 6411
Company Profile: the world's third largest mobile operator with operations in 20 countries across Asia and Africa. Headquartered in New Delhi, India, the company ranks amongst the top 5 mobile service providers globally in terms of subscribers. The wireless subscribers base up to June 2016 in India is 24.39%.
Airtel provides GSM, 3G and 4G LTEmobile services, fixed line broadband and voice services depending upon the country of operation. It is the largest mobile network operator in India and the third largest in the world with 325 million subscribers.
Company’s turnover (2015-16): Rs.44,490 crore
Company’s turnover (2014-15): Rs.42,526 crore
Company’s turnover (2013-14): Rs.37,606 crore
Head of Organization: Sunil Sood, M.D.& CEO
Address: Peninsula Corporate Park, Ganpatrao Kadam Marg, Lower Parel,
Mumbai – 400 013
Telephone/Fax:+91 22 71715000 / +91 22 24963645
Company Profile: Vodafone currently has equity interests in over 30 countries across five continents and more than 40 partner networks worldwide. Vodafone India has always prioritized its customers and that is the only reason behind its customer base of over 180 million people. It is because of the company’s global best practices along with deep exposure to local markets has made Vodafone a top telecom service provider. Whether an individual or enterprise, the customers always receive world-class services that cater to their needs. The wireless subscribers base up to June 2016 in India is 19.14%.
Company’s turnover (2015-16): Rs.35,816.55 crore
Company’s turnover (2014-15): Rs.31,554 crore
Company’s turnover (2013-14): Rs.26,504 crore
Head of Organization: Himanshu Kapania, Managing Director
Address: “Windsor”, 5th Floor, Off CST Road, Near Vidya Nagari, Kalina, Santa Cruz (E), Mumbai – 400 098
Telephone/Fax: +91 95940 04000 / +91 95940 03181
Company Profile: Idea is a pan-India integrated GSM operator offering 2G,3G and 4G mobile services and is the third largest mobile telecom service provider in India. With a lineage of Aditya Birla Group, Idea Cellular is a pan-India integrated GSM operator offering 2G and 3G services, and has its own NLD and ILD operations, and ISP licence.
Idea Cellular chose Bharat over India, and in doing so, it ensured that it had a firm hold on the subscriber base in semi-urban and rural parts of the country first. The telecom’s first national ad campaign, with the tagline ‘What an Idea, Sirji!’ was successful across India.. Idea provides world-class service delivery through the most extensive network of customer touch points, comprising of nearly 6,752 Idea touch points. The wireless subscribers base up to June 2016 in India is 16.89%.
Company’s turnover (2015-16): Rs.27,242 crore
Company’s turnover (2014-15): Rs.26,033 crore
Company’s turnover (2013-14): Rs.25,498 crore
Head of Organization: Anupam Shrivastava, Chairman & Managing Director
Address: Bharat Sanchar Bhavan, Harish Chandra Mathur Lane, Janpath, ND - 110 001
Telephone/Fax: +91-11-23372424/ +91-11-23372444
Company Profile: BSNL Mobile has a pan-India presence with presence in all the 21 telecommunication cellular circles in India. BSNL Mobile provides all of India with roaming access, including Delhi and Mumbai, and International roaming access to more than 300 networks across the world. BSNL has earned profit of Rs.672 crore for the first time in past 7 years.
It is one of the largest and leading public sector units providing a comprehensive range of telecom services in India. BSNL is the only service provider, making focussed efforts and planned initiatives to bridge the rural-urban digital divide in the ICT sector. BSNL serves its customers with a wide bouquet of telecom services, namely Wireline, CDMA mobile, GSM mobile, Internet, Broadband, Carrier service, MPLS-VPN, VSAT, VoIP, IN Services, FTTH, etc. The wireless subscribers base up to June 2016 in India is 8.46% .
Company’s turnover (2015-16): Rs.22,100 crore
Company’s turnover (2014-15): Rs.22,098 crore
Company’s turnover (2013-14): Rs.22,321 crore
Head of Organization: Anil Dhirubhai Ambani, Chairman
Address: 3rd Floor, BHQ, DAKC Koparkhairane, Navi Mumbai, Mumbai – 400 709
Telephone/Fax: +91 22-3037 3333 / +91-22- 3037 6622
Company Profile: Headed by Anil Ambani, Reliance Communications is one of the leading telecom players in India. It provides GSM (Voice, 2G, 3G, 4G) mobile services, fixed line broadband and voice services, DTH depending upon the areas of operation. Reliance Communications is the fourth largest telecom operator in India with 98.70 million subscribers as of June 2016.
On 14 January 2016, RCom announced that it had acquired Sistema Shyam TeleServices Limited (SSTL), doing business as MTS India, in an all stock deal, in which SSTL received a 10% stake in RCom, after paying off its existing debt and Now On 14 September 2016, RCom and Aircel and Maxis Communications announced that they would merge their mobile network operations. The deal is the largest consolidation in Indian telecom history, and will create the third largest mobile network operator in the country by subscribers and by revenue. The wireless subscribers base up to June 2016 in India is 9.91%.
Company’s turnover (2015-16): Rs.20,605.5 crore
Company’s turnover (2014-15): Rs.17,785 crore
Company’s turnover (2013-14): Rs.17,450 crore
Head of Organization: Vinod Anand Kumar, Managing Director & CEO
Address: C-21 & C-36, “G” Block, Bandra-Kurla Complex, Mumbai - 400 098
Telephone/Fax : +91-22-66578765/ +91-022-66591890
Company Profile: Tata Communications owned by TATA group and serves the market with A New World of Communications. The company’s infrastructure includes sub-sea, terrestrial communications networks, data centers and it provides fixed line and wireless services. It also holds shares in Neotel in South Africa, Tata Communications Lanka Limited in Sri Lanka and United Telecom in Nepal. Tata Communications also holds stake in Tata Teleservices Limited, the 6th largest mobile service provider in India with 62.57 million subscribers in April 2015.
1600 Telco’s use Tata Communications' Global Network to connect to you, we’ve invested $1.19 billion in our global subsea fibre network - one of the world’s largest and most advanced. and right now, our global subsea and terrestrial network covers 700,000 km - that's more than 17 times around the world. It features cutting-edge, one-of-a-kind innovations, including the only, wholly-owned fibre ring around the world; the only Ethernet ring serving the Middle East; more than 400 Points of Presence on five continents; and we own and operate more than 1 million sq. ft. of data centre space in 44 locations worldwide. The wireless subscribers base up to June 2016 in India is 5.77 %.
Company’s turnover (2015-16): Rs.5,560 crore
Company’s turnover (2014-15): Rs.13,030 crore
Company’s turnover (2013-14): Rs.11,294 crore
Head of Organization: Kaizad Heerjee, CEO
Address: Aircel Business Solutions, 5th Floor, Building No. 10A, DLF Cyber City, DLF Phase II, Gurgaon-122002, Haryana
Telephone/Fax : +91 124-7944800 /+ 91 124 2350313
Company Profile: Aircel is an Indian mobile network operator headquartered in Gurgaon, which offers voice and 2G, 3G and 4G data services. Reliance Communications holds a stake. Aircel has a vision of delighting its customers by giving them the respect they deserve. Aircel is a market leader in Tamil Nadu and has considerable presence in Odisha, Assam and North-East circles.
On 14 August 2016, RCom and Maxis Communications announced that they would merge their mobile network operations. The deal is the largest consolidation in Indian telecom history, and will create the third largest mobile network operator in the country by subscribers and by revenue. RCom and Maxis will each hold 50% stake in the merged entity. Network spreads across almost the entire length and breadth of India. Operations commenced in south India, where Aircel established its leadership and from there extended itself to the pan India operator and today is operating in 23 telecomm circles and is all geared for dynamic expansion plan in the near future. The wireless subscribers base up to June 2016 in India is 8.48 %.
Company’s turnover (2015-16): Rs.10,708 crore
Company’s turnover (2014-15): Rs.10,966 crore
Company’s turnover (2013-14): Rs.10,452 crore
Head of Organization: Cyrus P. Mistry, Chairman
Address: A, E & F Blocks, Voltas Premises, T. B. Kadam Marg, Chinchpokli, Mumbai - 400 033
Telephone/Fax: +91 22 66671414 / +91 22 66605335
Company Profile: Tata Teleservices is spread across India with its operation in 19 telecom circles. Tata Teleservices is the undisputed market leader in the fixed wireless telephony market amongst private operators. Communications is among the Tata Group's larger investments, with over $7.5 billion already committed. Today, Tata Teleservices, along with Tata Teleservices (Maharashtra) Limited, has a reach in more than 450,000 towns and villages across the country. Post exit of DoCoMo in April 2014 in joint venture, both entered into a legal battle over investment disputes and dragged in Delhi High court.
Tata Teleservices (TTSL) is a leading player in the Enterprise space providing integrated voice, data and managed services to large, medium and small enterprises in over 60 cities across India. The company has set up a robust infrastructure which includes the largest fibre optic backbone in the country covering over 1, 25,000, equipped to serve the connectivity needs of all businesses. Having a pan-India presence across India’s 19 telecom circles, Reach in more than 450,000 towns and villages across the country, Portfolio of nearly 60,000 towers and the First Indian private telecom operator to launch 3G services in India . The wireless subscriber’s base up to June 2016 in India is 5.77 %.
Company’s turnover (2015-16): Rs.6,969.8 crore
Company’s turnover (2014-15): Rs.5,237.3 crore
Company’s turnover (2013-14): Rs.2,945 crore
Head of Organization: Vivek Sood, CEO
Address: The Masterpiece, Plot No. 10, Golf Course Road, Sector 54, DLF Phase 5, Gurgaon - 122002
Company Profile: Uninor is the operating brand of Telenor (India) Communications Private Limited. The company is a subsidiary of Telenor Group, a telecommunications company headquartered in Oslo, Norway. Telenor currently owns 74% of the stake in Telenor (India) Communications Private Limited. As at 31 March 2015, Telenor India had 44.1 million mobile subscriptions based on Telenor’s definition of customers. This represents approximately 11.7% of the subscribers in the six circles which the company operates.
Uninor empowers its 32 million subscribers presence in six circles and with a base of 50 million subscribers The wireless customer base in UP East, UP West, Bihar, Gujarat, Maharastra and Andhra Pradesh generate low average Revenue Per User ( APRU) enjoys the benefits of mobile telephony through its simple proposition of – ‘Sabse Sasta’ (lowest) tariffs for all basic services. Deployment of technology that allows LTE mobile broadband in narrow spectrum in Varanasi, The wireless subscribers base up to June 2016 in India is 5.07 %.
Company’s turnover (2015-16): Rs.3,184 crore
Company’s turnover (2014-15): Rs.3,386 crore
Company’s turnover (2013-14): Rs.3,392 crore
Head of Organization: Mr. Pravin Kumar Purwar, Chairman & Managing Director
Address: MTNL Corporate Office, 5th Floor, Mahanagar Doorsanchar Sadan, 9, CGO Complex, Lodhi Road, New Delhi - 110 003
Telephone/Fax: +91 11 24310212/ +91 11 24320051
Company Profile: Set up by the Government of India in the year 1986 to upgrade the quality of telecom services, expand the telecom network, to introduce new services and to raise revenue for telecom development needs in Delhi and Mumbai. MTNL is the principal provider of fixed-line telecommunication service.
MTNL rolled out its BlackBerry solutions on the 2G and 3G networks by launching India’s first 3G enabled BlackBerry Bold smart phones. MTNL also provides other services such as VPN, VOIP, and leased lines through BSNL and TTSL .Presently, MTNL is providing a host of telecom services that include fixed telephone service, GSM (including 3G services) and CDMA-based Mobile service, Internet, Broadband, ISDN and Leased Line services. The wireless subscriber’s base up to June 2016 in India is .35 %.
Reliance Jio set to ‘disrupt’ India’s telecom market again by offering free voice calls and data services at very low tariffs resembles a similar “disruptive” strategy that the company had adopted 13 years ago. Jio aims to enable this transformation by creating not just a cutting-edge voice and broadband network, but also a powerful ecosystem on which a range of rich digital services will be enabled - a unique green-field opportunity.
With the laying the Foundation for the future and today, Jio is capable of offering a unique combination of telecom, high speed data, digital commerce, media and payment services. Affordable Devices: Jio has worked with all the leading device manufacturers of the world to ensure availability of 4G LTE smartphones across all price points - from ultra-premium models on one hand, to entry level models on the other.
Reliance Jio has laid more than 2.5 lakh kilometres of fibre-optic cables, covering 18,000 cities and over one lakh villages, with the aim of covering 100% of the nation’s population by 2018. Jio has also built nearly half-a-million square feet of cloud data centres and a multi-Terabit capacity international network. Reliance Jio has placed its bets firmly on low tariffs to push data volumes, which is evident from the strategy of making calls free.
The move will force incumbents to lower rates. It will provide next generation legacy-free digital services over an end-to-end all-IP network, which can be seamlessly upgraded even to 5G and beyond. In addition to the existing pan India 2300 MHz spectrum and 1800 MHz in 14 circles with a cumulative investment in spectrum assets to nearly Rs 34,000 crores. Jio now has the largest footprint of liberalized spectrum in the country.