Black Hat USA at a presentation has entitled "Macs in the age of APTs", researchers from IT security consulting firm iSec shared Mac OS X authentication falls short when it comes to defending against APTs. The researchers claimed that the Mac OS X platform contained a gaping security hole in the authentication protocols that enabled hackers to execute brute force attacks.
Paul Youn, Researcher, iSec Partners said, "The attack targets even non-privileged users, decrypting the contents of the login keychain and giving the attackers access to network credentials. Hackers are quite advanced. Users pick bad passwords so that attack might be very successful. Once you compromise a machine, you have access to that user's information. There's quite a bit that is immediately available. If they haven't felt more vulnerable, that might make them more susceptible to social engineering. These targeted attacks, they don't care what OS you're running. Mac users are becoming increasingly accustomed to clicking through applications that are unsigned, while fewer Macs run antivirus. Only about 20 percent of Mac OS X users feel vulnerable to cybercrime."
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